Childhood Immunization in the Philippines

July 27, 2012 at 1:59 pm 1 comment

This is the most recent immunization schedule for Filipino children.  You often see this chart in your pediatrician’s clinic or in most baby books given to parents by doctors.  So, what do we know about vaccines?  The Philippine Pediatric Society (PPS) has come up with an article answering questions most commonly asked by parents about IMMUNIZATION.

1.  What are vaccines?  Why are vaccinations important?

Vaccines are substances that are composed of either a part of or the whole organism, given through different routes, to prevent an infectious disease.  Although  vaccines are manufactured using disease-causing organisms, these, viruses/bacteria  are destroyed or weakened, so that when administered, allows the immune system of the body to defend itself against the disease.  Thus, symptoms are either prevented or minimized.

Vaccines are important because they prevent disease in people who receive them and are responsible for the control of many infectious disease that are still common in our country.  Since the advent of vaccines, a significant number of childhood morbidities and deaths had been prevented.

2.  Isn’t the protection provided by the disease better than the protection provided by the vaccine?

In most cases, vaccines provide the same quality of protection as getting the disease itself with the advantage of avoiding the disease’s complications and the risk of death.

3.  Who needs to be immunized?

Although most people consider immunizations as being required mainly for children, it is important to understand that school-aged children, teenagers and even adults need vaccines to acquire protection for diseases which they are susceptible to or, to boost their immunity for diseases which they were previously immunized.

4.  Who should not receive vaccines?

There are very few individuals who should not be vaccinated.  These include persons who have problems with their immune system, or those who have had severe, life-threatening reactions to certain vaccines or their components.  Your doctor can provide advice if you belong to these categories.

5.  What are the recommended vaccines?

The Philippine Pediatric Society, Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines and the Philippine Foundation for Vaccination recommended the following vaccines for children.  Since vaccines may have different schedules, your doctor will discuss which schedule is best for your child.

There are other vaccines that may be recommended by your doctor.

6.  What do I expect to happen after immunization?  Is there anything I can do to help my child?

Side effects may occur with any medicine including vaccines.  In most cases, vaccines cause no side effects other than mild reactions such as fever, rash or soreness at the injection site.  Slight discomfort is normal and should not be a cause for alarm.

Very rarely, some experience extremely serious side effects.  After vaccination, look for unusual conditions like high fever or behavioral changes.  Signs of serious allergic reactions when present usually occurs within 30 minutes of the vaccination and include difficulty of breathing, hoarseness, or wheezing, hives, pallor, weakness, a fast heartbeat, dizziness and throat swelling.

Your doctor will advise you about fever and pain medications that can help your child with the mild reactions.  Consult your doctor right away if you notice any unusual signs and symptoms.

7.  My 10 year old son was advised several years ago that his immunization was complete except for the yearly flu and teenage vaccines.  However, I have recently been told that he needs a second shot of chickenpox vaccine. Why?

Recent studies have shown that the protection from a single dose of chickenpox vaccine wanes after several years, making the patient susceptible to the actual disease.  A second dose will further increase the level of protection afforded by the vaccines.


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1 Comment Add your own

  • 1. Maricel  |  August 28, 2013 at 2:56 am

    i just want to ask about vaccine my daughter was vaccinated 4 shots (* BCG *HEP b *6 in 1 and 5 in 1) how many 5 in 1 to be shots for my baby? thank you


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